Health Concerns. Great improvement has taken place in public health since independence, but the general health picture remains far from satisfactory. Extensive corruption. The license raj in India from s to sowed the seeds of corruption in the socio- economic structure of our country. Nexus between politician and business community and criminals is known to all. In recent times criminalization of Indian politics has assumed alarming proportions. Some parliamentarians face criminal charges, including human trafficking, embezzlement, rape and even murder.
Paying to get a job done is a common phenomenon experienced by majority of our countrymen. Tons the tons of synthetic milk and milk products are confiscated every other day by the HEALTH Department officials but the perpetrators of these crimes who play with the health of unsuspecting masses are set free without any exemplary punishment. There is a parallel flourishing market of spurious in the country.
Spurious medicines, beverages , cosmetics, good items all are sold without fear as greasing palm to get away is very easy. Terrorism and Insurgency. India is faced with terrorism and insurgency both form across the border and from within.
Partition of India and Pakistan was a parting gift from the British Empire before leaving the country forever. Terrorism and insurgency has left more than people dead till July Many a times the militants have targeted people in other cities and towns of the country in suicide attacks.
Mumbai attack was an example of their immaculate planning and preparedness to terrorize the entire nation. Maoists are killing people in several districts of the country.
India, a fast-emerging economy
Unfortunately these Naxalite groups have tacit support of some politicians. Competitor China. Meanwhile, students with potential have to resort to continuing education in private universities which often fail to meet the required standards. Gender inequalities, female feticide and the treatment meted out to Women in rural areas, child marriages, continuing practice of dowry and sati take away the leftover sheen from the Shining India.
Upsurge of Regionalism. Division of state population on the basis of birth and language is most unfortunate trend fraught with danger of disintegration and civil strife. Social Security. According to a recent survey around million persons in India are in the working age group, less than 7 per cent are in the organized sector and 93 per cent of the worker s are unorganized.
As the average number of the senior citizens increases the concerns about social security will become more pronounced. Monsoon and Agriculture. Monsoon plays a crucial role in agriculture production. Any country on a growth trajectory has to face several hurdles created by external and internal factors during transition period. Your email address will not be published. For most of those 53 years, the United States and India have maintained a strained relationship-a relationship that has not been helped by years of American neglect and misunderstanding.
Now there are signs of change. Before winning independence in , India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire, an important military resource in a location of great geostrategic significance. Because it did not play a significant role in the balance of power between the Soviet Union and the Western alliance, the superpowers often took India for granted.
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American and Indian interests in China did briefly run along parallel lines. This was a period of intense cooperation, with joint military exercises, U. President John F. Some in Washington even argued that India should be encouraged to develop its own nuclear weapons program. As the United States became increasingly entangled in Vietnam during the s, interest in South Asia faded. The final break occurred after President Richard M.
With China enlisted against the Soviets, India seemed irrelevant. This U.
On the American side, India increasingly came to be seen as a de facto ally of Moscow. After , the Soviet Union stepped in to forge an alliance with India, but it too sought to use Delhi against the Chinese. Over the years, the Soviets gave India billions of dollars worth of modern warplanes, tanks, and ships, and even loaned a nuclear submarine. At the United Nations, the Soviet Union and India were close partners; in , the two powers signed a year treaty of peace and friendship.
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in late reawakened American interest in South Asia, but in reviving its alliance with Pakistan, the United States only further alienated India.
8 things you need to know about India’s economy
More recently, the Clinton administration pressured India to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty-which had the unintended consequence of strengthening the bomb lobby in Delhi. In May , India tested five nuclear devices. Pakistan promptly responded with its own nuclear tests. The United States reacted by imposing economic and political sanctions on Delhi.
Events took an alarming turn in the summer of , when India clashed with Pakistan in the Kargil district of Kashmir, raising fears that the war would escalate into a nuclear conflict. Whether or not India joins the ranks of major powers, and whether or not it pursues policies that are hostile to American interests, the United States will need to gain a deeper understanding of the subcontinent.
That will require relinquishing a number of stereotypes that have long governed the American view of India. India is virtually synonymous with poverty in the Western mind, and poverty will remain both a moral and a practical problem and a political embarrassment to any Indian government. Calcutta, the epicenter of this ocean of grief, has long been a universal metaphor for absolute poverty. Stephen P. In the south and the west, however, many Indians are enjoying unprecedented economic growth.
These are the regions, with a population much larger than that of either Indonesia or the United States, that have seen more thoroughgoing land reform. Along the coast, there is a long tradition of trade and contact with other countries. Major cities such as Hyderabad, Chennai, and Bangalore appear to be on their way to becoming world-class high-technology centers, attracting investment from dozens of American, Japanese, and Southeast Asian firms.
India had a late start on economic reform. The Congress Party, which ruled India from to under Nehru and his daughter, Indira Gandhi, was deeply influenced by British Fabian socialism. The castes and classes involved in business and commerce were held in low esteem in much of the country. Such traditions are now fading fast. In , Congress Party Prime Minister Narasimha Rao began a program of economic liberalization, including industry deregulation, privatization of state monopolies, and easing of foreign investment rules.
There is still a danger that unbalanced growth will exacerbate economic tensions within Indian society, but the old Fabian shibboleths about the need for slow, state-led growth have been shed. The transition to a more market-oriented economy accelerated after the BJP came to power last year.
Even though elements of the party are opposed to the internationalization of the Indian economy the BJP has the reputation of drawing key support from the small shopkeepers of India , the more liberal leadership at its top has systematically moved ahead with reform.
The notorious system of quotas and import licenses for machinery and consumer goods has been dismantled. Foreign ownership of Indian firms is now possible, and international brands including Pepsi, Coca-Cola, IBM, Sony, and Phillips have entered the Indian marketplace, giving consumers a much wider range of choice. India offers overseas firms a unique asset: the talents of an educated, highly trained, English-speaking elite.
Most of the million members of the middle class speak at least some English. Foreign trade is growing smartly, more in services than in the traditional manufacturing sector.
An Emerging New World Order
The nascent Indian software industry is spreading from its Bangalore and Hyderabad base and finding new customers abroad, especially in the United States. Software exports have been growing at an annual rate of 50 percent. During the past 15 years, American perceptions have also been clouded by the revival of the old image of India as a violent, unstable country. Two prime ministers have been assassinated-Indira Gandhi in by her two Sikh bodyguards, and her son, Rajiv Gandhi, in by a suicide bomber sent by the insurgent Sri Lankan Tamil Tigers.
Graphic television coverage has thrown a spotlight on caste and religious riots, which reached a peak with the destruction in December of the Babri Masjid at Ayodhya, in eastern Uttar Pradesh, by saffron-clad Hindu fanatics.
Essay on India's growing influence around the Globe by VAIBHAV JINDAL
The incident sparked Hindu-Muslim riots throughout India that left some 2, dead. Limited but highly publicized subsequent attacks on Indian Christians and foreign missionaries by radical and unrepentant Hindu extremists have received wide publicity. Increasing population pressures, along with the conflicting demands of 20 different linguistic groups, 50, castes, and , villages all point to the prospect of disintegration.